What is Atal Bhujal Water Scheme?
This scheme has been started with the goal of accelerating the ground water level in those areas where it has gone down considerably. The main goal of the scheme is to increase the level of ground water. Also, this scheme has been introduced by the central government to provide benefits to the farmers.
The central government wants to make sure adequate water storage for farmers under this scheme. Under this scheme, 8350 villages in seven states shall be benefited. Educational and communication packages shall be conducted to preserve ground water.
Common people can even be included on this scheme. Work shall be done at the gram panchayat degree for water safety. Under this scheme, the institutional arrangements for ground water management within the states shall be strengthened. Under Atal Bhujal Water Scheme, a goal has been set to supply drinking water to each household by the yr 2024.
Pradhan Mantri Atal Bhujal Yojana Overview
Name of the scheme
|Pradhan Mantri Atal Bhujal Yojana|
Honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi
|Provide benefits to the farmers.|
|Goal of accelerating the ground water level|
|25 Dec 2019|
Priority areas under Atal Bhujal Water Scheme
- This include Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh
- These states represent 25 per cent of India’s whole ground water exploitation the place there are over-exploited, high-risk and low-risk blocks.
Why Atal Bhujal Water Scheme?
Prime Minister Modi said that a provision has been made in the ‘Atal Bhujal Water Scheme’, through which more allocation shall be given to better performing gram panchayats. Now the government has set a goal of providing clean drinking water facilities to 15 crore households within the next 5 years by pipes.
Exploitation of Bhujal water resources in India
- India’s ground water resources have been heavily exploited, leading to a warning by experts.
- As per the pattern assessment carried out in 2011, water was heavily exploited in 19 out of 71 districts in India. Which means that extra water has been drained than the reservoir’s natural recharge capacity.
- As per the evaluation done in 2013, which included the blocks of the districts and it was found that 31% of the water here was saline.
Use of funds received from the World Bank
This fund from the World Bank shall be made obtainable to institutions working for ground water within the states and group participation shall be elevated to promote ground water.
About the plan
The National ground water Management Improvement Program- NGMIP was introduced within the Union Price range 2016-17. The scheme was discontinued in Might 2017 by the Expenditure Finance Committee. However, later the scheme was re-launched as ‘Atal Bhujal Water Scheme’.
- The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Water Sources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (Ministry of Water Sources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation).
- Atal Bhujal Water Scheme aims to improve ground water management in priority areas of the country by community participation.
- The World Bank and the Central Government have a 50:50 stake within the scheme.
- 78 districts, 193 blocks, and 8350 gram panchayats of those states have been covered under this scheme.
- According to the final yr report of the Central Bhujal Water Board, out of 6584 Bhujal water blocks within the nation, 1034 blocks have been heavily used. These are commonly referred to as ‘dark zones’.
The World Bank and the Worldwide Monetary Fund have been established in 1944 throughout a conference of world leaders within the city of Bretton Woods, USA.
- These institutions have been formed after World Warfare II with the goal of bringing again the international economies again on track.
- The World Bank is a world monetary institution that provides loans.
- The World Bank is a UN-specific body. Its main goal is to supply monetary help to member nations in the work of reconstruction and development.
- The World Bank Group is a group of 5 international organizations that present finance and monetary advice to countries.
- Its aims include- taking the world on the path of financial growth, lowering poverty in the world and selling international investment.
Things to note
- The National Bhujal Water Administration Improvement Plan was introduced within the Union Budget 2016-17.
- The scheme was discontinued by the Expenditure Finance Committee in May 2017 however has since been reintroduced as the ‘Atal Bhujal Water Scheme’.
- The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
- Atal Bhujal Water Scheme goals to improve ground water management in priority areas of the country.