The Bengali Calendar, also known as the Bangla Calendar (বাংলা কালেন্ডার), is a traditional calendar used in the Indian state of West Bengal and Bangladesh. It follows the solar and lunar cycles and is steeped in cultural and religious significance. Learn about the Bengali Calendar’s history, features, and important dates with our comprehensive guide.
The Bengali Calendar is a solar calendar used in the Indian subcontinent, specifically in the Indian state of West Bengal and Bangladesh. It is also known as the Bangla calendar or the Bengali Sambat.
The calendar is based on the solar year, which is divided into twelve months of uneven duration. The names of these months are based on the Hindu lunisolar calendar and have their origins in Sanskrit. The first month of the Bengali calendar is Boishakh and the last month is Chaitra.
Bengali Calendar 1430 (বাংলা কালেন্ডার 1430):
English Year 2023 to 2024 | Bangabda – 1430
1430 Shuvodinr Nirghonto
Here is the list of Shuvodinr Nirghonto 1430, Bengali Panjika Shuvodinr Nirghonto Dates as Bengali Panjika.
Bengali Panjika 2023
Bengali Panjika, also known as Bengali Panchang or Bengali Calendar, is a traditional calendar system used in the Bengal region of India and Bangladesh.
It is a comprehensive system that provides information about important dates, festivals, and auspicious times for various activities such as marriage, business, and religious ceremonies.
The Bengali Panjika is based on the solar and lunar cycles and is used by Bengali communities to determine the most appropriate time for conducting important events. It is an important cultural and religious artifact that plays a vital role in the lives of Bengali people.
Bengali Months with Festivals and Significance
|Month||Bengali Name||Gregorian Dates||Festivals and Significance|
|1||Boishakh||Mid-April||Bengali New Year, Bihu, Pohela Boishakh, Tagore’s Birthday|
|2||Joishtho||Mid-May||Eid-ul-Fitr, Buddha Purnima, Ganga Dussehra, Rabindra Jayanti|
|3||Ashar||Mid-June||Rath Yatra, Guru Purnima, Eid-ul-Adha, Monsoon Season|
|4||Shraban||Mid-July||Janmashtami, Raksha Bandhan, Independence Day, Friendship Day|
|5||Bhadra||Mid-August||Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Onam, Vishwakarma Puja|
|6||Ashwin||Mid-September||Mahalaya, Durga Puja, Navratri, Dussehra, Gandhi Jayanti|
|7||Kartik||Mid-October||Kali Puja, Diwali, Bhai Phota, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Chhath Puja|
|8||Agrahan||Mid-November||Jagaddhatri Puja, Chhath Puja, Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day|
|9||Poush||Mid-December||Christmas, Poush Sankranti, Makar Sankranti, Maghi Purnima|
|10||Magh||Mid-January||Saraswati Puja, Basant Panchami, Republic Day, Netaji’s Birthday|
|11||Falgun||Mid-February||Saraswati Puja, Holi, Dol Jatra, International Mother Language Day|
|12||Chaitra||Mid-March||Shivratri, Holi, Gudi Padwa, Navreh, Poila Boishakh|
The Bengali Calendar is a significant part of the culture and tradition of the Bengali-speaking people. It is used to determine the dates of various festivals and auspicious events, such as weddings, and is widely used in official and administrative functions. The calendar is also used in agriculture as a guide for planting and harvesting crops.
Bengali Seasons Name
|Grishma||Hot and dry, parched land|
|Barsha||Cool and wet, lush greenery|
|Sharat||Pleasant and dry, clear sky|
|Hemanta||Cool and misty, dew drops|
|Shishir||Cold and misty, foggy mornings|
|Shit||Blue sky, cool temperature|
|Basant||Sweet fragrance, mild heat|
The Bengali Calendar underwent several changes over time and was standardized in the 20th century by a committee appointed by the Bangla Academy, the national language authority of Bangladesh. Today, the Bengali Calendar is widely used by millions of people in the Indian subcontinent and beyond, serving as a cultural and historical reference for the Bengali-speaking community.
Benefits of Bengali Calendar 2023:
Cultural significance: The Bengali Calendar has a long history and is an important part of the cultural identity of Bengali-speaking people. Using the calendar can help maintain and celebrate this rich cultural heritage.
Religious observances: Many religious festivals and observances in Bengali culture are tied to specific dates on the Bengali Calendar, such as Durga Puja and Bengali New Year. Using the calendar can help individuals and communities plan for and participate in these important events.
Agricultural planning: Bengali farming communities traditionally used the calendar to track the seasons and plan agricultural activities accordingly. Using the calendar can help modern farmers make informed decisions about planting, harvesting, and other farming practices.
Personal planning: Whether it’s scheduling appointments or planning events, using the Bengali Calendar can help individuals plan their time effectively and stay organized.
Linguistic and educational purposes: Learning about the Bengali Calendar can help individuals improve their knowledge of the Bengali language and culture, and can serve as a valuable educational resource.
Famous Bengali Festivals 2023
There are several famous festivals celebrated by Bengalis that are an important part of their cultural and social life. Some of the most well-known Bengali festivals are:
Durga Puja: Durga Puja is one of the most important festivals in Bengali culture. It is a celebration of the goddess Durga, and involves elaborate ceremonies, feasting, and cultural events.
Nabobarsho (Bengali New Year): Known as “Pohela Boishakh,” this festival marks the start of the Bengali calendar and is celebrated with music, dance, and traditional food. This is Bengali New Year’s day, celebrated with lots of food, music, dance and cultural events.
Kali Puja: This festival is dedicated to the goddess Kali and is celebrated with rituals, prayers, and offerings.
Saraswati Puja: Saraswati Puja is a celebration of the goddess of knowledge, Saraswati. It is a popular festival among students and involves offerings to the goddess and cultural events.
Bhai Phonta: This festival is a celebration of the bond between brothers and sisters, and involves the sisters performing rituals and offering sweets to their brothers.
Rath Yatra: The Rath Yatra is a festival that involves the procession of the god Jagannath, his brother Balaram, and his sister Subhadra on decorated chariots through the streets.
These festivals are an important part of the Bengali cultural identity and are celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy.